ACNE (PIMPLES)

Acne Treatment / Pimple

ACNE (PIMPLES)

  • Acne is chronic inflammatory disease of the sebum producing unit.
  • Acne is considered as a chronic disease due to its prolonged course,pattern of recurrence and relapse and manifestations.
  • Acne has significant psychological and social burden on the quality of life.

95% Boys n >85% Girls experience acne during their teenage yrs approximately.50% continue to suffer from acne in adulthood.

ADULT ACNE:

The development of acne involves a complex interaction between the main factors such as

Stress,Medication,Smoking,Endocrine diseases,Diet,Changes in sebum which increases the activity of sebaceous glands,Propinobacterium acne inflammation.

  • There are 2 maintypes of adult acne Persistent acne: that continues from adolescence to adulthood often with remission periods.This subtype is the mmost common.

Late onset acne: This begins long after puberty between 21 to 25yrs. Seen in about 20%.Women with late onset acne have less comedones.

HORMONES: Androgens play a key role in stimulating sebum production,pore clogging,inflammation and lead to development of severe acne. POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME account for over 90% cases of androgen excess.

  • Hormone related acne is usually seen along the jaw line,chin.

BACK ACNE /TRUNCAL ACNE

Its possible to develop both inflammatory and non inflammatory acne on the back.

Inflammatory lesions will be red and swollen.

Non inflammatory will be blackheads & whiteheads.

Common causes of acne breakout includes soaps,moisturisers with oils in them,hair products with sulphates,sweat, exposure to sunlight, shoulder pads,and other sporting equipment.

SKIN CARE TIPS FOR ADULT ACNE:

  • Moisturiser should be used in the morning regardless of skin type.
  • Aqueous non comedogenic moisturisers containing minimal allergenic ingredients are recommended.
  • Use if UVA/UVB sunscreen is recommended for all patients.
  • All skin care products and cosmetics should be anti comedonal and oil free.
  • Avoid overly drying cleansers as they increase the likelihood of enhancing irritation.
  • Gently wash as soon as possible after significant perspiration and wear loose fitting,absorbent clothing.
  • Skin needs varies with changing seasons.Skin tends to b drier in winter and oily in summer. Skin care products that are more drying and irritating such as toners,astringents,are better tolerated in summers

HOW TO PREVENT ACNE????SOME SOLUTIONS:

  • All adult acne patients use gentle,non soap cleanser and non comedogenic and oil free moisturiser.
  • Avoid touching acne or other facial eruptions with hands spreading infection further.
  • Keep your hair falling on your face.Dirt and oils increase acne.
  • Do not use oil based make up.
  • Use only non comedogenic products.
  • Follow your skin care regimen diligently.
  • Eat a healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables and drink plenty of water to wash of toxins from the body.
  • Take sufficient essential fatty acids.Body needs omega3,6 & 9 fatty acids.
  • Regular exercise &adequate sleep.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.
  • Reduce the stress level if possible.
  • Avoid sugary,iodized food,coffee and carbonated drinks.
  • Stop smoking as it makes skin dry up and break easily.
  • Wear soft cotton clothes to get relief from itching and irritation of acne on your back and shoulders.
  • Shower immediately after excercises.
  • Use a clean pillowcase.
  • Consult a dermatologist to treat severe outbreaks of acne.

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