Female pattern hair loss (FPHL)
Female pattern hair loss, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is a common type of hair loss that affects women. It is caused by genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors, and it can occur at any age. In this article, we will discuss the types, causes, and treatments of female pattern hair loss.
Types of Female Pattern Hair Loss:
There are three types of female pattern hair loss:
- Ludwig classification: This type of hair loss is characterized by a diffuse thinning of hair on the crown of the head.
- Olsen classification: This type of hair loss is characterized by a widening of the part line in the centre of the scalp.
- Sinclair classification: This type of hair loss is characterized by diffuse hair thinning on the entire scalp.
Causes of Female Pattern Hair Loss:
The causes of female pattern hair loss are not fully understood, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors.
- Genetic factors: Female pattern hair loss can be inherited from either the mother or father’s side of the family.
- Hormonal factors: Androgens, such as testosterone, can contribute to hair loss by shrinking hair follicles.
- Environmental factors: Exposure to environmental toxins, stress, and poor nutrition can also contribute to hair loss.
Treatment of Female Pattern Hair Loss:
There are several treatment options for female pattern hair loss, including:
- Medications: Minoxidil and finasteride are two FDA-approved medications for treating female pattern hair loss.
- Hair transplant: Hair transplant surgery involves taking hair from one part of the scalp and transplanting it to the thinning or balding area.
- Low-level laser therapy: This therapy uses lasers to stimulate hair growth and improve the quality of existing hair.
- Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy: This therapy involves injecting platelet-rich plasma into the scalp to promote hair growth.
- Hairpieces: Wigs, hairpieces, and hair extensions can be used to cover up balding or thinning areas.
Frequently asked questions about female pattern hair loss:
Symptoms of female pattern hair loss include a gradual thinning of hair, a widening part line, and a visible scalp.
While there is no cure for female pattern hair loss, treatment can slow or stop the progression of hair loss and improve the appearance of existing hair.
Female pattern hair loss is a chronic condition, but with proper treatment, it can be managed.
The best treatment for female pattern hair loss depends on individual factors, such as the severity of hair loss, age, and overall health. It is best to consult with a haircare professional to determine the most suitable treatment option.
Stress can contribute to female pattern hair loss, but it is not the sole cause. Other factors, such as genetics and hormonal imbalances, also play a role in hair loss.
It is important to note that not all treatments work for everyone and results may vary. It is best to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any treatment.